General surgery is a kind of discipline that demands familiarity and knowledge about broad spectrum of health problems and diseases those requires treatment through surgery. Here, the knowledge breadth and depth will vary basing up on the category of the disease to be treated. Altogether, it is expected from the surgeon competency and expertise in diagnosing and treating the complete spectrum of health issue or disease. This general surgery is a vast field that comprises of many at the same time not limited to certain categories of diseases too. Generally, a surgeon in this field will be competent in many areas such as:
- There should be proficiency to perform operations and procedures in all areas of the disease categories besides having more familiarity and knowledge in the technical aspects in a way to handle easily complex conditions too.
- There should be ample clinical knowledge that includes anatomy, epidemiology, physiology, pathology and clinical presentation.
- There should be good knowledge on anesthesia, evidence evaluation, biostatistics, minimal invasive surgery principles, transfusion and disorder of coagulation.
- There should be great familiarity with wound healing, fluid management, infection, resuscitation & shock, immunology, metabolism, antibiotic effective usage, postoperative pain management, and usage of the entreal & parentreal nutrition.
- There should be ample skill and experience in the areas such as clinical evaluation & management, stabilization of patient with surgical disease, preoperative management, postoperative care, complications & co-morbidities management, interpretation of the radiology, and diagnostic imaging.
Specialty general surgery is definitely a complex and competitive field nowadays that is dealing many problems of the patients. Very often, general surgery is standing as a one point solution for many patients too. This area expertise is currently capable enough to handle many health problems of the people that include treatment and surgeries.
General surgeon is competent enough to perform surgery or treatment or consultation on conditions those involve endocrine system, breast, gastrointestinal tract, liver, colon, rectum and pancreas. These experts are currently handling above ten thousand surgical procedures every year in any of the developing nation. Currently, general surgical department is offering the best health care solutions for many diseases. General surgery offering surgical solutions are not costly and these are very often designed in a way to be simple and in a way recovery period too will be quicker. This is a best effective heath care option for many diseases and other health care issues at present.